SIGN guideline on bacterial UTIs in women
Lower urinary tract infections (UTIs) are commonly occurring and frequently self-limiting infections involving the bladder (cystitis) and urethra. Over a third of adult women in the UK report having had at least one urinary tract infection in their lifetime.
In Scotland, UTIs are the most prevalent healthcare-associated infection within inpatient adult care and the second most commonly reported indication for an antibiotic prescription in the community after respiratory tract infection. Rationalising and limiting unnecessary antibiotic use in patient with suspected (usually self-limiting) lower urinary tract infection is a crucial step in controlling antimicrobial resistance.