NICE has published NICE Guideline (NG) 70 on Air pollution: outdoor air quality and health.
Airborne pollutants like nitrogen oxides and particulate matter can become dense in urban areas with a lot of people sharing the same space due to the burning of fuel for heat and transport. Children under 15 years of age and adults over 64 are more susceptible to the consequences of air pollution, which can include damage to the respiratory tract and chronic diseases like asthma.
The advice given by NG70 focuses on road-traffic-related air pollution and its connections to ill-health. It aims to improve air quality to prevent a range of health conditions and reduce mortality. The recommendations provided in NG70 cover the following areas:
- development management
- clean air zones
- reducing emissions from public sector transport services and vehicle fleets
- smooth driving and speed reduction
- walking and cycling
- awareness raising.
As part of the recommendations for raising awareness, NG70 seeks to ensure that healthcare professionals are aware that information on air quality is available, what it means for patients, and what actions are recommended. There is also advice connected to being aware of vulnerable groups particularly at risk of adverse effects of air pollution.
This guideline was created in collaboration with Public Health England.