Headaches in over 12s: diagnosis and management

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence

Headache disorders are classified as primary or secondary. The aetiology of primary headaches is not well understood and they are classified according to their clinical pattern. The most common primary headache disorders are tension-type headache, migraine, and cluster headache. Secondary headaches are attributed to underlying disorders and include, for example, headaches associated with medication overuse, giant cell arteritis, raised intracranial pressure, and infection.

This Guidelines summary is a concise but comprehensive review on the assessment, diagnosis, and medication for different types of headache.

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