Falls in older people: assessing risk and prevention

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence

Falls and fall-related injuries are a common and serious problem for older people. People aged 65 years and older have the highest risk of falling, with 30% of people older than 65 years, and 50% of people older than 80 years falling at least once a year.

The human cost of falling includes distress, pain, injury, loss of confidence, loss of independence, and mortality. Falling also affects the family members and carers of people who fall. Falls are estimated to cost the NHS more than £2.3 billion per year. Therefore, falling has an impact on quality of life, health, and healthcare costs.

This Guidelines summary covers prevention, risk assessment, and multifactorial interventions.

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