NICE pressure ulcer guideline
Pressure ulcers result from pressure impairing blood supply to skin and underlying tissue. They commonly occur in people confined to bed due to illness or injury (also known as bedsores or pressure sores) and contribute to pain, other complications, increased hospital length of stay and mortality. Twenty-two per cent of nursing home residents are affected by pressure sores and the cost of care for pressure ulcer management in the UK is estimated at £1.4–2.1 billion per year. Pressure ulcer management can be a prolonged and costly process and often requires multidisciplinary involvement in the community and in care settings.
This Guidelines for Nurses summary provides recommendations for pressure ulcer prevention and management for patients of all ages, including advice on undertaking risk assessment and skin assessment, and when to use pressure redistributing devices, nutritional support, dressings, debridement, and antibiotics.