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This section is part 5 of the PHE UK immunisation schedule.

Premature infants

  • It is important that premature infants have their immunisations at the appropriate chronological age (counted from their date of birth), in accordance with the national routine immunisation schedule.
  • As the benefit of vaccination is high in this group of infants, vaccination should not be withheld or delayed.
  • As the occurrence of apnoea following vaccination is especially increased in infants who were born very prematurely, specific guidance on the immunisation of premature infants in Chapter 7 and the disease specific chapters should be followed.

Selective immunisation programmes

  • There are a number of selective immunisation programmes that target children and adults at particular risk of serious infections, such as hepatitis B, hepatitis A, influenza, Hib, meningococcal and pneumococcal infection.
  • Other vaccines, including BCG, HPV, hepatitis B and hepatitis A, are also recommended for individuals at higher risk of exposure to infection, due to lifestyle factors, close contact or recent outbreaks in their community.
  • Individuals at risk of exposure through their work should be advised about any required vaccinations by their employer or their occupational health service (Chapter 12).
  • For more information, please see Chapter 7 and the disease specific chapters.
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full guideline available from…


Public Health England. UK immunisation schedule: the green book, chapter 11. April 2019.
Contains public sector information licensed under the Open Government Licence v3.0.

First included: May 2019.