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The Royal College of Paediatric and Child Health has issued an update to its guidance on stroke in childhood, which is expected to enhance the quality of stroke care for children and young people. The guidance is intended for UK paediatricians, other healthcare professionals involved in the care of children and young people who have had or are suspected of having had a stroke, and people who are responsible for commissioning stroke services.

The updated guideline includes the most comprehensive and up-to-date advice on how stroke care for children and young people should be provided, and covers identification, diagnosis, management, and rehabilitation, up to and including the transition to adult care. Recommendations are made on areas including:

  • diagnosis
  • referral pathways and further investigations
  • acute management
  • hospital discharge
  • rehabilitation
  • long-term care.

Stroke is often thought of as a disease of older people; the guideline highlights the importance of raising awareness of stroke in children and young people. The need for further research is highlighted and recommendations are made to help researchers and funding bodies to identify the key questions that still need to be answered.