Osteoporosis: assessing the risk of fragility fracture
National Institute for Health and Care Excellence
Osteoporotic fragility fractures can cause substantial pain and severe disability, often leading to a reduced quality of life, while hip and vertebral fractures are also associated with decreased life expectancy. Hip fracture nearly always requires hospitalisation, is fatal in 20% of cases, and permanently disables 50% of those affected; only 30% of patients fully recover.
Direct medical costs from fragility fractures to the UK healthcare economy were estimated at £1.8 billion in 2000, with the potential to increase to £2.2 billion by 2025, with most of these costs relating to hip fracture care.
This Guidelines summary covers targeting risk assessment and includes an algorithm for assessing fragility fracture.