Fever in under 5s: assessment and initial management

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence

Feverish illness is very common in young children, with between 20% and 40% of parents reporting such an illness each year. As a result, fever is probably the most common reason for a child to be taken to the doctor. Feverish illness is also the second most common reason for a child being admitted to hospital. Despite advances in healthcare, infections remain the leading cause of death in children under the age of 5 years.

This Guidelines summary highlights the key priorities for implementation and includes a traffic light system for identifying the likelihood of serious illness.

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