Diabetes (type 1 and type 2) in children and young people: diagnosis and management

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence

The updated guidance on the management of type 1 diabetes in children emphasises the importance of stricter blood glucose control targets to reduce the risk of long-term complications. These blood glucose targets may be achieved by the use of intensive insulin management and carbohydrate counting.


The prevalence of type 2 diabetes in children is on the rise due to the increase in childhood obesity. The updated guideline highlights the need to implement dietary advice and monitor for complications such as hypertension and dyslipidaemia.


This Guidelines summary includes recommendations on pharmacological therapy, recognition and management of diabetic ketoacidosis, and a care pathway.

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