Chronic heart failure in adults: management

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence

Heart failure is a complex syndrome of symptoms and signs. Untreated it has a poor prognosis, but this can be improved considerably with early and optimal treatment.

The symptoms most commonly encountered are breathlessness (exertional dyspnoea, orthopnoea, and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnoea), fatigue, and ankle swelling.

This Guidelines summary covers the diagnosis and treatment of chronic heart failure, which is outlined in two separate algorithms.

Log in or register now for FREE in order to:

  • benefit from unlimited access to all pages, including:
    • 180+ guideline summaries
    • 1000+ evidence-based articles
  • review and leave comments on all articles and summaries
  • automatically track your reading and learning via your CPD tracker
  • on-demand webinars presented by leading clinical experts

Registration only takes 2 minutes and it will give you FREE access to all content across:



Need help? Email us