Chronic kidney disease in adults: assessment and management
National Institute for Health and Care Excellence
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is usually asymptomatic but it is detectable and tests for detecting CKD are both simple and freely available. There is evidence that treatment can prevent or delay the progression of CKD, reduce or prevent the development of complications, and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.
However, because of a lack of specific symptoms, people with CKD are often not diagnosed, or diagnosed late when CKD is at an advanced stage.
This Guidelines summary provides recommendations on investigation, classification, and monitoring CKD